There are many ways of thinking about the composition of your design. I’ll explain two different approaches that can be variously combined.
Compositions can be structured organically (informally) or geometrically (formally). They can be contained with the frame (closed format cropping) or they can reach to the edges of the frame and beyond (open format cropping).
Organic or informal compositions communicate freedom, havoc, etc… Geometric or formal compositions communicate rigidity, conformity, regularity, etc… Closed format cropping communicates enclosure, finiteness, clarity, focus, etc… Open format cropping communicates openness, infinity, imagination, etc…
The shapes in this design extend beyond the frame so the design is considered “open format”. The viewer is expected to complete the picture with their imagination. The shapes are arranged randomly so the composition is organic or informal.
Here the shapes are all contained within the frame. The entire design is within our sight so it uses closed format crop- ping. Although the smaller circles are organic, the compo- sition is geometrically, or formally, structured.
The shapes in this design are contained with the frame making the composition closed format . Although the shapes are rectangles, they are arranged randomly so the composition is organic or informal.
Here the shapes are extending beyond the edge of the frame so the composition is open format. The shapes and their placement are geometric so the composition is also geometric.
Illustrations and essay by Louisa Bufardeci.